1. Autoconf support
This version of RTEMS is configured with GNU autoconf. RTEMS can be
configured and built either standalone or together with the compiler
tools in the Cygnus one-tree structure. Using autoconf also means
that RTEMS now can be built in a separate build directory.
2.1 Standalone build
To configure RTEMS for a specific target, run configure in the build
directory. In addition to the standard configure options, the following
RTEMS-specific option are supported:
--enable-gcc28 (also use enable-libcdir when disabled)
--enable-libcdir=<DIRECTORY> (do not use if gcc 2.8 is enabled)
--enable-rtemsbsp="bsp1 bsp2 ..."
--enable-rdbg (only valid for pc386 BSP)
In addition, the following standard autoconf options are frequently
used when configuring RTEMS installations:
By default, the RTEMS posix interface is built for targets that support
it. It can be disabled with the --disable-posix option.
By default, the RTEMS networking support is built for targets which
support it. It can be specifically disabled for those targets
with the --disable-networking option.
By default, the RTEMS remote debugger server support is not built.
It can be specifically enabled for the targets that support it.
with the --enable-rdbg option. NB : the RTEMS networking support
must be enabled to support the remote debugger server.
By default, the RTEMS support of C++ is disabled. It can be enabled
with the --enable-cxx option. If the rtems++ C++ library is installed
it will also be build.
By default, the RTEMS test suites are NOT configured. The --enable-tests
will not configure the RTEMS test suite. The default speeds up the build
and configure process when the tests are not desired.
By default, RTEMS is built using arguments and build rules which are
NOT compatible with gcc 18.104.22.168. If using a gcc which supports the
-specs option, then the --enable-gcc28 option may be used to enable
this feature. You should use the --enable-gcc28 option when using
either the egcs source tree, testgcc snapshots, or gcc 2.8.0 or newer.
If you --disable-gcc28, then you MUST specify the location of the
Standard C Library with the --enable-libcdir option.
By default, all bsps for a target are built. The bare BSP is not built
unless directlty specified. There are two ways of changing this:
+ use the --enable-rtemsbsp otion which will set the specified
bsps as the default bsps, or
+ set the RTEMS_BSP variable during make (see below).
The --enable-rtemsbsp= option configures RTEMS for a specific target
architecture. The following targets are supported:
(none) will build the host-based version on Linux,
Solaris and HPUX.
a29k-rtems only standalone, uses non-gnu compiler
i386-go32-rtems see notes
bare see notes
The cross-compiler is set to $(target)-gcc by default. This can be
+ using the --program-prefix option to configure to specify the
string which will prepended to the tool names. Be sure to include
a trailing "-". For example, to use a m68k-coff toolset, use the
To build, run make in the build directory. To specify which bsps to build,
add the RTEMS_BSP="bsp1 bsp2 .." to the make command. Specifying multiple
BSPs to build only works from the top level build directory.
Installation is done under $(prefix)/rtems.
As an example, to build and install the mvme136 and dmv152 bsps for m68k do:
make RTEMS_BSP="mvme136 dmv152"
make install RTEMS_BSP="mvme136 dmv152"
The sample tests are built by 'make all', do a 'make test' to build the full
2.2 Build with Cygnus one-tree release
To build and install RTEMS with the one-tree structure, just copy the rtems
directory to the tree. The one-tree configure.in and Makefile.in has to be
replaced with the RTEMS-aware versions. The build options are the same as
for the standalone build.
2.3 Target Dependent Notes
1. This is based on djgpp v1.xx. It needs to be updated to v2.xx.
2. This cannot be built one-tree style since RTEMS requires some
files which must be obtained from the binary distribution of the
djgpp library. DJGPP can be obtained from
3. You will need to manually install a number of files from the
binary distribution of the DJGPP library doing something
like the following:
# unzip the djgpp distribution
cp dpmi.h INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/include
cp go32.h INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/include
cp dos.h INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/include
cp pc.h INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/include
cp crt* INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2
cp libpc* INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2
# Make sure about destination on the next lines. It keeps the newlib
# libc.a and the binary djgpp libc.a from conflicting.
cp libc.a INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/libcgo32.a
cp libc_p.a INSTALL_POINT/lib/gcc-lib/i386-go32-rtems/2.7.2/libcgo32_p.a
1. See the README in the bare bsp source directory. This should
contain all info you need.
2. The bare bsp source contains a script to show how to build it.
3. The configure flags must be used to get the bare bsp to work.
The --enable-bare-cpu-model and --enable-bare-cpu-cflags are the
only pieces of information. The module is usually a gcc module
such as m68302 or mcpu32. The flags are passed directly to gcc.
Use "" if more than one option is specified.
3. To use the installed RTEMS library
To use the installed RTEMS bsps to build applications, the application
makefile has to include a bsp-specific makefile that will define the
RTEMS variables necessary to find include files and libraries. The
bsp-specific makefile is installed at
For the erc32 bsp installed at /usr/local/cross, the environment
variable RTEMS_MAKEFILE_PATH would be set as follows to the
4. Supported target bsps
The following bsps are supported:
host-based : posix (on linux, solaris and hpux)
a29k : portsw
i386 : force386 i386ex pc386
i386-go32 : go32 go32_p5
i960 : cvme961
hppa1.1 : simhppa
m68k : dmv152 efi332 efi68k gen68302 gen68340 gen68360
gen68360_040 idp mvme136 mvme147 mvme147s mvme162 ods68302
no_cpu : no_bsp
mips64orion : p4600 p4650 (p4000 port with either R4600 or R4650)
powerpc : papyrus psim helas403
sh : gensh1
sparc : erc32
any : bare
5. Makefile structure
The makefiles have been re-organised. Most gnu-based bsps now use three
+ custom/bsp.cfg and
Default.cfg sets the deafult values of certain common build options.
Bsp.cfg set bsp-specific build options and can also override the
Gcc-target-default.cfg contains the common gcc definitions. Some targets
(a29k, no_cpu, and posix) still use the old structure.
6. Adding a bsp
The top-level configure.in has to be modified if a new target is added
or if a new bsp is to be built by default. The additions required is
basically to add which makefiles are to be created by configure and
to add the target to the selection statement. To re-generate
configure, autoconf-2.12 is needed.
7. Tested configurations
All gnu-based bsps have been built on Linux.
The native (posix) ports have been built and run only on Linux.
The following configurations have NOT been tested:
+ Anything on Nextstep, HPUX and Irix.
+ The a29k port.
Gawk version 2 or higher.
GNU make version 3.72 or higher.
gcc version ???
The install-if-change script requires bash. On solaris systems, this should
be changed to ksh, since ksh is provided with solaris (bash not).
A fairly rescent version of gawk is needed to build RTEMS. This should be
changed so that a plain vanilla awk also works. [NOTE: This dependency
should disappear when the "gcc 2.8 -specs" is finished.]
'make install' should only install necessary files, not the full
PROJECT_RELEASE directory as now.
Posix port on solaris-2.5 fails due to undefined built-in functions
(gcc-2.7.2, might be my installation).
Improve support for 'make CFLAGS=xxx'.