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authorAndre Marques <andre.lousa.marques@gmail.com>2015-09-05 21:53:16 +0100
committerGedare Bloom <gedare@rtems.org>2015-09-25 16:36:52 -0400
commit7aca0fefce41f2090ffbd2f7ee2fbfcc9f2d1f0d (patch)
tree0b21847e289cb557ca0bba23d6b925a967af2864
parentf7ea9579adc0c0f19bd82fa4f1d0d55fe263e66c (diff)
downloadrtems-7aca0fefce41f2090ffbd2f7ee2fbfcc9f2d1f0d.tar.bz2
RaspberryPi: Added I2C and SPI bus support.
Further documentation can be found in https://devel.rtems.org/wiki/GSoC/2015/RaspberryPi_peripherals_and_SD_card and test data (including sample user applications, device drivers and wiring schemes) can be found in https://github.com/asuol/RTEMS_rpi_testing
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/Makefile.am6
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/configure.ac8
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/i2c/i2c.c421
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/i2c.h95
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/raspberrypi.h199
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/spi.h77
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/preinstall.am8
-rw-r--r--c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/spi/spi.c657
8 files changed, 1377 insertions, 94 deletions
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/Makefile.am b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/Makefile.am
index abb55a6ab8..5f117915b5 100644
--- a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/Makefile.am
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/Makefile.am
@@ -46,6 +46,8 @@ include_bsp_HEADERS += include/mmu.h
include_bsp_HEADERS += include/usart.h
include_bsp_HEADERS += include/raspberrypi.h
include_bsp_HEADERS += include/rpi-gpio.h
+include_bsp_HEADERS += include/i2c.h
+include_bsp_HEADERS += include/spi.h
include_libcpu_HEADERS = ../../../libcpu/arm/shared/include/cache_.h \
../../../libcpu/arm/shared/include/arm-cp15.h
@@ -128,6 +130,10 @@ libbsp_a_SOURCES += gpio/rpi-gpio.c
# SSP
# I2C
+libbsp_a_SOURCES += i2c/i2c.c
+
+# SPI
+libbsp_a_SOURCES += spi/spi.c
# Cache
libbsp_a_SOURCES += ../../../libcpu/shared/src/cache_manager.c
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/configure.ac b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/configure.ac
index 27abe6c09f..2676bef72e 100644
--- a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/configure.ac
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/configure.ac
@@ -24,14 +24,18 @@ AM_CONDITIONAL(HAS_NETWORKING,test "$HAS_NETWORKING" = "yes")
RTEMS_BSPOPTS_SET([BSP_START_RESET_VECTOR],[*],[])
RTEMS_BSPOPTS_HELP([BSP_START_RESET_VECTOR],[reset vector address for BSP start])
+RTEMS_BSPOPTS_SET([I2C_IO_MODE],[*],[1])
+RTEMS_BSPOPTS_HELP([I2C_IO_MODE],[Define to 1 to use interrupt-driven I/O with the Raspberry Pi I2C bus. If defined to other value the access will be polled-driven.])
+
+RTEMS_BSPOPTS_SET([SPI_IO_MODE],[*],[1])
+RTEMS_BSPOPTS_HELP([SPI_IO_MODE],[Define to 1 to use interrupt-driven I/O with the Raspberry Pi SPI bus. If defined to other value the access will be polled-driven.])
+
# Is this a Raspberry Pi 2?
RTEMS_BSPOPTS_SET([BSP_IS_RPI2],[raspberrypi2],[1])
RTEMS_BSPOPTS_SET([BSP_IS_RPI2],[*],[0])
RTEMS_BSPOPTS_HELP([BSP_IS_RPI2],[Set if the BSP variant is Raspberry Pi 2.])
AM_CONDITIONAL(RTEMS_RPI2,[test "$BSP_IS_RPI2" = "1"])
-
-
RTEMS_BSP_CLEANUP_OPTIONS(0, 0)
RTEMS_BSP_LINKCMDS
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/i2c/i2c.c b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/i2c/i2c.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..14a2467001
--- /dev/null
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/i2c/i2c.c
@@ -0,0 +1,421 @@
+/**
+ * @file i2c.c
+ *
+ * @ingroup raspberrypi_i2c
+ *
+ * @brief Support for the I2C bus on the Raspberry Pi GPIO P1 header (model A/B)
+ * and GPIO J8 header on model B+.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
+ *
+ * The license and distribution terms for this file may be
+ * found in the file LICENSE in this distribution or at
+ * http://www.rtems.org/license/LICENSE.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * STATUS:
+ * - 10-bit slave addressing untested
+ */
+
+#include <bsp.h>
+#include <bsp/raspberrypi.h>
+#include <bsp/gpio.h>
+#include <bsp/rpi-gpio.h>
+#include <bsp/irq.h>
+#include <bsp/i2c.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+
+#define TRANSFER_COUNT(buffer_size) (buffer_size + 0xFFFE) / 0xFFFF
+
+#define ADJUST_TRANSFER_SIZE(transfer_count, remaining_bytes) \
+ transfer_count > 1 ? 0xFFFF : (remaining_bytes & 0xFFFF)
+
+#define I2C_POLLING(condition) \
+ while ( condition ) { \
+ ; \
+ }
+
+/**
+ * @brief Object containing relevant information about an I2C bus.
+ *
+ * Encapsulates relevant data for a I2C bus transfer.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+ i2c_bus base;
+ uint32_t input_clock;
+ rtems_id task_id;
+
+ /* Remaining bytes to read/write on the current bus transfer. */
+ uint32_t remaining_bytes;
+ /* Each transfer has a limit of 0xFFFF bytes, hence larger transfers
+ * have to be divided. Each transfer implies a stop condition, signaled
+ * automatically by the BSC controller. */
+ uint32_t remaining_transfers;
+
+ uint8_t *current_buffer;
+ uint32_t current_buffer_size;
+
+ bool read_transfer;
+} rpi_i2c_bus;
+
+static int rpi_i2c_bus_transfer(rpi_i2c_bus *bus)
+{
+ while ( bus->remaining_bytes >= 1 ) {
+ /* If reading. */
+ if ( bus->read_transfer ) {
+ /* Poll RXD bit until there is data on the RX FIFO to read. */
+ I2C_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 5)) == 0);
+
+ /* Read data from the RX FIFO. */
+ (*(uint8_t *) bus->current_buffer) = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_FIFO) & 0xFF;
+
+ ++bus->current_buffer;
+
+ /* Check for acknowledgment or clock stretching errors. */
+ if (
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 8)) ||
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 9))
+ ) {
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ }
+ /* If writing. */
+ else {
+ /* If using the I2C bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if I2C_IO_MODE == 1
+ /* Generate interrupts on the TXW bit condition. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 9);
+
+ /* Sleep until the TX FIFO has free space for a new write. */
+ if (
+ rtems_event_transient_receive(RTEMS_WAIT, bus->base.timeout) !=
+ RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL
+ ) {
+ rtems_event_transient_clear();
+
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+
+ /* If using the bus in polling mode. */
+#else
+ /* Poll TXW bit until there is space available to write. */
+ I2C_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 2)) == 0);
+#endif
+
+ /* Write data to the TX FIFO. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_FIFO) = (*(uint8_t *) bus->current_buffer);
+
+ ++bus->current_buffer;
+
+ /* Check for acknowledgment or clock stretching errors. */
+ if (
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 8)) ||
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 9))
+ ) {
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ }
+
+ --bus->remaining_bytes;
+ --bus->current_buffer_size;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int rpi_i2c_setup_transfer(rpi_i2c_bus *bus)
+{
+ int rv;
+
+ while ( bus->remaining_transfers > 0 ) {
+ /* Setup the byte size of the current transfer. */
+ bus->remaining_bytes = ADJUST_TRANSFER_SIZE(
+ bus->remaining_transfers,
+ bus->current_buffer_size
+ );
+
+ /* Set the DLEN register, which specifies how many data packets
+ * will be transferred. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_DLEN) = bus->remaining_bytes;
+
+ /* Clear the acknowledgment and clock stretching error status. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) |= (3 << 8);
+
+ /* Send start bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 7);
+
+ /* Check for an acknowledgment error. */
+ if ( (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 8)) != 0 ) {
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ rv = rpi_i2c_bus_transfer(bus);
+
+ if ( rv < 0 ) {
+ return rv;
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for the current transfer to finish. */
+
+ /* If using the I2C bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if I2C_IO_MODE == 1
+ /* Generate interrupts on the DONE bit condition. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 8);
+
+ if (
+ rtems_event_transient_receive(RTEMS_WAIT, bus->base.timeout) !=
+ RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL
+ ) {
+ rtems_event_transient_clear();
+
+ return -ETIMEDOUT;
+ }
+ /* If using the bus in polling mode. */
+#else
+ /* Poll DONE bit until all data has been sent. */
+ I2C_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 1)) == 0);
+#endif
+
+ --bus->remaining_transfers;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Handler function that is called on any I2C interrupt.
+ *
+ * There are 3 situations that can generate an interrupt:
+ *
+ * 1. Transfer (read/write) complete;
+ * 2. The TX FIFO has space for more data (during a write transfer);
+ * 3. The RX FIFO is full.
+ *
+ * Because the I2C FIFO has a 16 byte size, the 3. situation is not
+ * as useful to many applications as knowing that at least 1 byte can
+ * be read from the RX FIFO. For that reason this information is
+ * got through polling the RXD bit even in interrupt-driven mode.
+ *
+ * This leaves only 2 interrupts to be caught. At any given time
+ * when no I2C bus transfer is taking place no I2C interrupts are
+ * generated, and they do they are only enabled one at a time:
+ *
+ * - When trying to write, the 2. interrupt is enabled to signal that
+ * data can be written on the TX FIFO, avoiding data loss in case
+ * it is full. When caught the handler disables that interrupt from
+ * being generated and sends a waking event to the transfer task,
+ * which will allow the transfer process to continue
+ * (by writing to the TX FIFO);
+ *
+ * - When the transfer is done on the Raspberry side, the 1. interrupt is
+ * enabled for the device to signal it has finished the transfer as
+ * well. When caught the handler disables that interrupt from being
+ * generated and sends a waking event to the transfer task, marking
+ * the end of the transfer.
+ */
+#if I2C_IO_MODE == 1
+static void i2c_handler(void *arg)
+{
+ rpi_i2c_bus *bus = (rpi_i2c_bus *) arg;
+
+ /* If the current enabled interrupt is on the TXW condition, disable it. */
+ if ( (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) & (1 << 9)) ) {
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) &= ~(1 << 9);
+ }
+ /* If the current enabled interrupt is on the DONE condition, disable it. */
+ else if ( (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) & (1 << 8)) ) {
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) &= ~(1 << 8);
+ }
+
+ /* Allow the transfer process to continue. */
+ rtems_event_transient_send(bus->task_id);
+}
+#endif
+
+static int rpi_i2c_transfer(i2c_bus *base, i2c_msg *msgs, uint32_t msg_count)
+{
+ rpi_i2c_bus *bus = (rpi_i2c_bus *) base;
+ uint32_t rv = 0;
+ uint32_t i;
+
+ /* Perform an initial parse through the messages for the I2C_M_RECV_LEN flag,
+ * which the Pi seems to not support and the I2C framework expects the bus
+ * to provide as part of the I2C_FUNC_I2C functionality.
+ *
+ * It states that the slave device sends an initial byte containing the size
+ * of the transfer, and for this to work the Pi will likely require two
+ * transfers, with a stop-start condition in-between. */
+ for ( i = 0; i < msg_count; ++i ) {
+ if ( msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_RECV_LEN ) {
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for ( i = 0; i < msg_count; ++i ) {
+ /* Clear FIFOs. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (3 << 4);
+
+ /* Setup transfer. */
+ bus->current_buffer = msgs[i].buf;
+ bus->current_buffer_size = msgs[i].len;
+ bus->remaining_transfers = TRANSFER_COUNT(bus->current_buffer_size);
+
+ /* If the slave uses 10-bit addressing. */
+ if ( msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_TEN ) {
+ /* Write the 8 least-significative bits of the slave address
+ * to the bus FIFO. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_FIFO) = msgs[i].addr & 0xFF;
+
+ /* Address slave device, with the 2 most-significative bits at the end. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_A) = (0x1E << 2) | (msgs[i].addr >> 8);
+ }
+ /* If using the regular 7-bit slave addressing. */
+ else {
+ /* Address slave device. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_A) = msgs[i].addr;
+ }
+
+ if ( msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_RD ) {
+ /* If the slave uses 10-bit addressing. */
+ if ( msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_TEN ) {
+ /* 10-bit addressing setup for a read transfer. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_DLEN) = 1;
+
+ /* Set write bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) &= ~(1 << 0);
+
+ /* Send start bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 7);
+
+ /* Poll the TA bit until the transfer has started. */
+ I2C_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_S) & (1 << 0)) == 0);
+ }
+
+ /* Set read bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 0);
+
+ bus->read_transfer = true;
+ }
+ else if ( msgs[i].flags == 0 || msgs[i].flags == I2C_M_TEN ) {
+ /* If the slave uses 10-bit addressing. */
+ if ( msgs[i].flags & I2C_M_TEN ) {
+ /* 10-bit addressing setup for a write transfer. */
+ bus->current_buffer_size += 1;
+
+ bus->remaining_transfers = TRANSFER_COUNT(bus->current_buffer_size);
+ }
+
+ /* Set write bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) &= ~(1 << 0);
+
+ bus->read_transfer = false;
+ }
+
+ rv = rpi_i2c_setup_transfer(bus);
+
+ if ( rv < 0 ) {
+ return rv;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return rv;
+}
+
+/* Calculates a clock divider to be used with the BSC core clock rate
+ * to set a I2C clock rate the closest (<=) to a desired frequency. */
+static int rpi_i2c_set_clock(i2c_bus *base, unsigned long clock)
+{
+ rpi_i2c_bus *bus = (rpi_i2c_bus *) base;
+ uint32_t clock_rate;
+ uint16_t divider;
+
+ /* Calculates an initial clock divider. */
+ divider = BSC_CORE_CLK_HZ / clock;
+
+ clock_rate = BSC_CORE_CLK_HZ / divider;
+
+ /* If the resulting clock rate is greater than desired, try the next greater
+ * divider. */
+ while ( clock_rate > clock ) {
+ ++divider;
+
+ clock_rate = BSC_CORE_CLK_HZ / divider;
+ }
+
+ /* Set clock divider. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_DIV) = divider;
+
+ bus->input_clock = clock_rate;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void rpi_i2c_destroy(i2c_bus *base)
+{
+ rpi_i2c_bus *bus = (rpi_i2c_bus *) base;
+
+ i2c_bus_destroy_and_free(&bus->base);
+}
+
+int rpi_i2c_register_bus(
+ const char *bus_path,
+ uint32_t bus_clock
+) {
+#if I2C_IO_MODE == 1
+ rtems_status_code sc;
+#endif
+ rpi_i2c_bus *bus;
+ int rv;
+
+ bus = (rpi_i2c_bus *) i2c_bus_alloc_and_init(sizeof(*bus));
+
+ if ( bus == NULL ) {
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* Enable the I2C BSC interface. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_I2C_C) |= (1 << 15);
+
+ /* If the access to the bus is configured to be interrupt-driven. */
+#if I2C_IO_MODE == 1
+ bus->task_id = rtems_task_self();
+
+ sc = rtems_interrupt_handler_install(
+ BCM2835_IRQ_ID_I2C,
+ NULL,
+ RTEMS_INTERRUPT_UNIQUE,
+ (rtems_interrupt_handler) i2c_handler,
+ bus
+ );
+
+ if ( sc != RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+#endif
+
+ rv = rpi_i2c_set_clock(&bus->base, bus_clock);
+
+ if ( rv < 0 ) {
+ (*bus->base.destroy)(&bus->base);
+
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ bus->base.transfer = rpi_i2c_transfer;
+ bus->base.set_clock = rpi_i2c_set_clock;
+ bus->base.destroy = rpi_i2c_destroy;
+ bus->base.functionality = I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR;
+
+ return i2c_bus_register(&bus->base, bus_path);
+}
+
+void rpi_i2c_init(void)
+{
+ /* Enable the I2C interface on the Raspberry Pi. */
+ rtems_gpio_initialize();
+
+ assert ( rpi_gpio_select_i2c() == RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL );
+}
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/i2c.h b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/i2c.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..4a8dbbf2ac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/i2c.h
@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@
+/**
+ * @file i2c.h
+ *
+ * @ingroup raspberrypi_i2c
+ *
+ * @brief Raspberry Pi specific I2C definitions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
+ *
+ * The license and distribution terms for this file may be
+ * found in the file LICENSE in this distribution or at
+ * http://www.rtems.org/license/LICENSE.
+ */
+
+#ifndef LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_I2C_H
+#define LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_I2C_H
+
+#include <dev/i2c/i2c.h>
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+extern "C" {
+#endif /* __cplusplus */
+
+/**
+ * @name I2C constants.
+ *
+ * @{
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @brief BSC controller core clock rate in Hz.
+ *
+ * This is set to 150 MHz as per the BCM2835 datasheet.
+ */
+#define BSC_CORE_CLK_HZ 150000000
+
+/**
+ * @brief Default bus clock.
+ *
+ * This sets the bus with a 100 kHz clock speed.
+ */
+#define DEFAULT_BUS_CLOCK 100000
+
+/** @} */
+
+/**
+ * @name I2C directives.
+ *
+ * @{
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @brief Setups the Raspberry Pi GPIO header to activate the BSC I2C bus.
+ */
+extern void rpi_i2c_init(void);
+
+/**
+ * @brief Registers the Raspberry Pi BSC I2C bus with the
+ * Linux I2C User-Space API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bus_path Path to the bus device file.
+ * @param[in] bus_clock Bus clock in Hz.
+ *
+ * @retval 0 Bus registered successfully.
+ * @retval <0 Could not register the bus. The return value is a negative
+ * errno code.
+ */
+extern int rpi_i2c_register_bus(
+ const char *bus_path,
+ uint32_t bus_clock
+);
+
+/**
+ * @brief Setups the Raspberry Pi BSC I2C bus (located on the GPIO header)
+ * on the "/dev/i2c" device file, using the default bus clock.
+ *
+ * @retval 0 Bus configured and registered successfully.
+ * @retval <0 See @see rpi_i2c_register_bus().
+ */
+static inline int rpi_setup_i2c_bus(void)
+{
+ rpi_i2c_init();
+
+ return rpi_i2c_register_bus("/dev/i2c", DEFAULT_BUS_CLOCK);
+}
+
+/** @} */
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+}
+#endif /* __cplusplus */
+
+#endif /* LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_I2C_H */
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/raspberrypi.h b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/raspberrypi.h
index ddcd4ffde9..2a4d772dba 100644
--- a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/raspberrypi.h
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/raspberrypi.h
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@
*/
/*
- * Copyright (c) 2014 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
* Copyright (c) 2013 Alan Cudmore.
*
* The license and distribution terms for this file may be
@@ -68,15 +68,15 @@
#define BCM2835_TIMER_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0xB400)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_LOD (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_VAL (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_CTL (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x08)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_CLI (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x0C)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_RIS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x10)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_MIS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x14)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_RLD (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x18)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_DIV (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x1C)
-#define BCM2835_TIMER_CNT (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x20)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_LOD (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_VAL (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_CTL (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x08)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_CLI (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x0C)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_RIS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x10)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_MIS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x14)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_RLD (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x18)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_DIV (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x1C)
+#define BCM2835_TIMER_CNT (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x20)
#define BCM2835_TIMER_PRESCALE 0xF9
@@ -90,19 +90,19 @@
#define BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x200000)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPFSEL1 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPSET0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x1C)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPCLR0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x28)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPLEV0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x34)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPEDS0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x40)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPREN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x4C)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPFEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x58)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPHEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x64)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPLEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x70)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPAREN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x7C)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPAFEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x88)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPPUD (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x94)
-#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPPUDCLK0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE+0x98)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPFSEL1 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPSET0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x1C)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPCLR0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x28)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPLEV0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x34)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPEDS0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x40)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPREN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x4C)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPFEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x58)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPHEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x64)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPLEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x70)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPAREN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x7C)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPAFEN0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x88)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPPUD (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x94)
+#define BCM2835_GPIO_GPPUDCLK0 (BCM2835_GPIO_REGS_BASE + 0x98)
/** @} */
@@ -114,18 +114,18 @@
#define BCM2835_AUX_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x215000)
-#define AUX_ENABLES (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x04)
-#define AUX_MU_IO_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x40)
-#define AUX_MU_IER_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x44)
-#define AUX_MU_IIR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x48)
-#define AUX_MU_LCR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x4C)
-#define AUX_MU_MCR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x50)
-#define AUX_MU_LSR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x54)
-#define AUX_MU_MSR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x58)
-#define AUX_MU_SCRATCH (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x5C)
-#define AUX_MU_CNTL_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x60)
-#define AUX_MU_STAT_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x64)
-#define AUX_MU_BAUD_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE+0x68)
+#define AUX_ENABLES (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x04)
+#define AUX_MU_IO_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x40)
+#define AUX_MU_IER_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x44)
+#define AUX_MU_IIR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x48)
+#define AUX_MU_LCR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x4C)
+#define AUX_MU_MCR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x50)
+#define AUX_MU_LSR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x54)
+#define AUX_MU_MSR_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x58)
+#define AUX_MU_SCRATCH (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x5C)
+#define AUX_MU_CNTL_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x60)
+#define AUX_MU_STAT_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x64)
+#define AUX_MU_BAUD_REG (BCM2835_AUX_BASE + 0x68)
/** @} */
@@ -137,24 +137,24 @@
#define BCM2835_UART0_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x201000)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_DR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_RSRECR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_FR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x18)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_ILPR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x20)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_IBRD (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x24)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_FBRD (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x28)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_LCRH (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x2C)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_CR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x30)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_IFLS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x34)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_IMSC (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x38)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_RIS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x3C)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_MIS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x40)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_ICR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x44)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_DMACR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x48)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_ITCR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x80)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_ITIP (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x84)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_ITOP (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x88)
-#define BCM2835_UART0_TDR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE+0x8C)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_DR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_RSRECR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_FR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x18)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_ILPR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x20)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_IBRD (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x24)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_FBRD (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x28)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_LCRH (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x2C)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_CR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x30)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_IFLS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x34)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_IMSC (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x38)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_RIS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x3C)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_MIS (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x40)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_ICR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x44)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_DMACR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x48)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_ITCR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x80)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_ITIP (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x84)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_ITOP (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x88)
+#define BCM2835_UART0_TDR (BCM2835_UART0_BASE + 0x8C)
#define BCM2835_UART0_MIS_RX 0x10
#define BCM2835_UART0_MIS_TX 0x20
@@ -173,16 +173,16 @@
* @{
*/
-#define BCM2835_I2C_BASE (0x20804000)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x804000)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_C (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_S (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_DLEN (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x08)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_A (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x0C)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_FIFO (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x10)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_DIV (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x14)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_DEL (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x18)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_CLKT (BCM2835_I2C_BASE+0x1C)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_C (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_S (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_DLEN (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x08)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_A (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x0C)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_FIFO (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x10)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_DIV (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x14)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_DEL (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x18)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_CLKT (BCM2835_I2C_BASE + 0x1C)
/** @} */
@@ -192,14 +192,14 @@
* @{
*/
-#define BCM2835_SPI_BASE (0x20204000)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x204000)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_CS (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_CLK (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x08)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_DLEN (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x0C)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_LTOH (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x10)
-#define BCM2835_SPI_DC (BCM2835_SPI_BASE+0x14)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CS (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_FIFO (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_CLK (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x08)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_DLEN (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x0C)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_LTOH (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x10)
+#define BCM2835_SPI_DC (BCM2835_SPI_BASE + 0x14)
/** @} */
@@ -209,22 +209,22 @@
* @{
*/
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE (0x20214000)
-
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_DR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_RSR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_SLV (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x08)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_CR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x0C)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_FR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x10)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_IFLS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x14)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_IMSC (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x18)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_RIS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x1C)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_MIS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x20)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_ICR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x24)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_DMACR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x28)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_TDR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x2C)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_GPUSTAT (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x30)
-#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_HCTRL (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE+0x34)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x214000)
+
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_DR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_RSR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_SLV (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x08)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_CR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x0C)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_FR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x10)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_IFLS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x14)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_IMSC (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x18)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_RIS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x1C)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_MIS (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x20)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_ICR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x24)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_DMACR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x28)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_TDR (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x2C)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_GPUSTAT (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x30)
+#define BCM2835_I2C_SPI_HCTRL (BCM2835_I2C_SPI_BASE + 0x34)
/** @} */
@@ -262,13 +262,28 @@
*/
#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x3000)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x00)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CLO (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x04)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CHI (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x08)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C0 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x0C)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C1 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x10)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C2 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x14)
-#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C3 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE+0x18)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CS (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x00)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CLO (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x04)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_CHI (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x08)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C0 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x0C)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C1 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x10)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C2 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x14)
+#define BCM2835_GPU_TIMER_C3 (BCM2835_TIMER_BASE + 0x18)
+
+/** @} */
+
+/**
+ * @name EMMC Registers
+ *
+ * @{
+ */
+
+/**
+ * NOTE: Since the SD controller follows the SDHCI standard,
+ * the rtems-libbsd tree already provides the remaining registers.
+ */
+
+#define BCM2835_EMMC_BASE (RPI_PERIPHERAL_BASE + 0x300000)
/** @} */
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/spi.h b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/spi.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..1bbbc6d2a4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/include/spi.h
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+/**
+ * @file spi.h
+ *
+ * @ingroup raspberrypi_spi
+ *
+ * @brief Raspberry Pi specific SPI definitions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
+ *
+ * The license and distribution terms for this file may be
+ * found in the file LICENSE in this distribution or at
+ * http://www.rtems.org/license/LICENSE.
+ */
+
+#ifndef LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_SPI_H
+#define LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_SPI_H
+
+#include <rtems/libi2c.h>
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+extern "C" {
+#endif /* __cplusplus */
+
+/**
+ * @name SPI constants.
+ *
+ * @{
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @brief GPU processor core clock rate in Hz.
+ *
+ * Unless configured otherwise on a "config.txt" file present on the SD card
+ * the GPU defaults to 250 MHz. Currently only 250 MHz is supported.
+ */
+
+/* TODO: It would be nice if this value could be probed at startup, probably
+ * using the Mailbox interface since the usual way of setting this on
+ * the hardware is through a "config.txt" text file on the SD card.
+ * Having this setup on the configure.ac script would require changing
+ * the same setting on two different places. */
+#define GPU_CORE_CLOCK_RATE 250000000
+
+/** @} */
+
+/**
+ * @name SPI directives.
+ *
+ * @{
+ */
+
+/**
+ * @brief Setups the Raspberry Pi SPI bus (located on the GPIO header)
+ * on the "/dev/spi" device file, and registers the bus on the
+ * libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bidirectional_mode If TRUE sets the SPI bus to use 2-wire SPI,
+ * where the MOSI data line doubles as the
+ * slave out (SO) and slave in (SI) data lines.
+ * If FALSE the bus defaults to the usual
+ * 3-wire SPI, with 2 separate data lines
+ * (MOSI and MISO).
+ *
+ * @retval Returns libi2c bus number.
+ * @retval <0 Could not register the bus. See @see rtems_libi2c_register_bus().
+ */
+extern int rpi_spi_init(bool bidirectional_mode);
+
+/** @} */
+
+#ifdef __cplusplus
+}
+#endif /* __cplusplus */
+
+#endif /* LIBBSP_ARM_RASPBERRYPI_SPI_H */
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/preinstall.am b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/preinstall.am
index 87d6eb9b56..902cc01829 100644
--- a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/preinstall.am
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/preinstall.am
@@ -138,6 +138,14 @@ $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/rpi-gpio.h: include/rpi-gpio.h $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/$(d
$(INSTALL_DATA) $< $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/rpi-gpio.h
PREINSTALL_FILES += $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/rpi-gpio.h
+$(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/i2c.h: include/i2c.h $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/$(dirstamp)
+ $(INSTALL_DATA) $< $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/i2c.h
+PREINSTALL_FILES += $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/i2c.h
+
+$(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/spi.h: include/spi.h $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/$(dirstamp)
+ $(INSTALL_DATA) $< $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/spi.h
+PREINSTALL_FILES += $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/bsp/spi.h
+
$(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/libcpu/cache_.h: ../../../libcpu/arm/shared/include/cache_.h $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/libcpu/$(dirstamp)
$(INSTALL_DATA) $< $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/libcpu/cache_.h
PREINSTALL_FILES += $(PROJECT_INCLUDE)/libcpu/cache_.h
diff --git a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/spi/spi.c b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/spi/spi.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..ae77f6272d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/spi/spi.c
@@ -0,0 +1,657 @@
+/**
+ * @file spi.c
+ *
+ * @ingroup raspberrypi_spi
+ *
+ * @brief Support for the SPI bus on the Raspberry Pi GPIO P1 header (model A/B)
+ * and GPIO J8 header on model B+.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Andre Marques <andre.lousa.marques at gmail.com>
+ *
+ * The license and distribution terms for this file may be
+ * found in the file LICENSE in this distribution or at
+ * http://www.rtems.org/license/LICENSE.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * STATUS:
+ * - Bi-directional mode untested
+ * - Write-only devices not supported
+ */
+
+#include <bsp.h>
+#include <bsp/raspberrypi.h>
+#include <bsp/gpio.h>
+#include <bsp/rpi-gpio.h>
+#include <bsp/irq.h>
+#include <bsp/spi.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+
+#define SPI_POLLING(condition) \
+ while ( condition ) { \
+ ; \
+ }
+
+/**
+ * @brief Object containing the SPI bus configuration settings.
+ *
+ * Encapsulates the current SPI bus configuration.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+ int initialized;
+ uint8_t bytes_per_char;
+
+ /* Shift to be applied on data transfers with
+ * least significative bit first (LSB) devices. */
+ uint8_t bit_shift;
+ uint32_t dummy_char;
+ uint32_t current_slave_addr;
+ rtems_id task_id;
+ int irq_write;
+} rpi_spi_softc_t;
+
+/**
+ * @brief Object containing the SPI bus description.
+ *
+ * Encapsulates the current SPI bus description.
+ */
+typedef struct
+{
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t bus_desc;
+ rpi_spi_softc_t softc;
+} rpi_spi_desc_t;
+
+/* If set to FALSE uses 3-wire SPI, with 2 separate data lines (MOSI and MISO),
+ * if set to TRUE uses 2-wire SPI, where the MOSI data line doubles as the
+ * slave out (SO) and slave in (SI) data lines. */
+static bool bidirectional = false;
+
+/* Calculates a clock divider to be used with the GPU core clock rate
+ * to set a SPI clock rate the closest (<=) to a desired frequency. */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_spi_calculate_clock_divider(
+ uint32_t clock_hz,
+ uint16_t *clock_divider
+) {
+ uint16_t divider;
+ uint32_t clock_rate;
+
+ assert( clock_hz > 0 );
+
+ /* Calculates an initial clock divider. */
+ divider = GPU_CORE_CLOCK_RATE / clock_hz;
+
+ /* Because the divider must be a power of two (as per the BCM2835 datasheet),
+ * calculate the next greater power of two. */
+ --divider;
+
+ divider |= (divider >> 1);
+ divider |= (divider >> 2);
+ divider |= (divider >> 4);
+ divider |= (divider >> 8);
+
+ ++divider;
+
+ clock_rate = GPU_CORE_CLOCK_RATE / divider;
+
+ /* If the resulting clock rate is greater than the desired frequency,
+ * try the next greater power of two divider. */
+ while ( clock_rate > clock_hz ) {
+ divider = (divider << 1);
+
+ clock_rate = GPU_CORE_CLOCK_RATE / divider;
+ }
+
+ *clock_divider = divider;
+
+ return RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Set the SPI bus transfer mode.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] tfr_mode Pointer to a libi2c API transfer mode data structure.
+ *
+ * @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL Successfully setup the bus transfer mode as desired.
+ * @retval RTEMS_INVALID_NUMBER This can have two meanings:
+ * 1. The specified number of bytes per char is not
+ * 8, 16, 24 or 32;
+ * 2. @see rpi_spi_calculate_clock_divider()
+ */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_spi_set_tfr_mode(
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t *bushdl,
+ const rtems_libi2c_tfr_mode_t *tfr_mode
+) {
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = &(((rpi_spi_desc_t *)(bushdl))->softc);
+ rtems_status_code sc = RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+ uint16_t clock_divider;
+
+ /* Set the dummy character. */
+ softc_ptr->dummy_char = tfr_mode->idle_char;
+
+ /* Calculate the most appropriate clock divider. */
+ sc = rpi_spi_calculate_clock_divider(tfr_mode->baudrate, &clock_divider);
+
+ if ( sc != RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
+ return sc;
+ }
+
+ /* Set the bus clock divider. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CLK) = clock_divider;
+
+ /* Calculate how many bytes each character has.
+ * Only multiples of 8 bits are accepted for the transaction. */
+ switch ( tfr_mode->bits_per_char ) {
+ case 8:
+ case 16:
+ case 24:
+ case 32:
+ softc_ptr->bytes_per_char = tfr_mode->bits_per_char / 8;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return RTEMS_INVALID_NUMBER;
+ }
+
+ /* Check the data mode (most or least significant bit first) and calculate
+ * the correcting bit shift value to apply on the data before sending. */
+ if ( tfr_mode->lsb_first ) {
+ softc_ptr->bit_shift = 32 - tfr_mode->bits_per_char;
+ }
+ /* If MSB first. */
+ else {
+ softc_ptr->bit_shift = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Set SPI clock polarity.
+ * If clock_inv is TRUE, the clock is active high.*/
+ if ( tfr_mode->clock_inv ) {
+ /* Rest state of clock is low. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << 3);
+ }
+ else {
+ /* Rest state of clock is high. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 3);
+ }
+
+ /* Set SPI clock phase.
+ * If clock_phs is true, clock starts toggling
+ * at the start of the data transfer. */
+ if ( tfr_mode->clock_phs ) {
+ /* First SCLK transition at beginning of data bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 2);
+ }
+ else {
+ /* First SCLK transition at middle of data bit. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << 2);
+ }
+
+ return sc;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Reads/writes to/from the SPI bus.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] rd_buf Read buffer. If not NULL the function will read from
+ * the bus and store the read on this buffer.
+ * @param[in] wr_buf Write buffer. If not NULL the function will write the
+ * contents of this buffer to the bus.
+ * @param[in] buffer_size Size of the non-NULL buffer.
+ *
+ * @retval -1 Could not send/receive data to/from the bus.
+ * @retval >=0 The number of bytes read/written.
+ */
+static int rpi_spi_read_write(
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl,
+ unsigned char *rd_buf,
+ const unsigned char *wr_buf,
+ int buffer_size
+) {
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = &(((rpi_spi_desc_t *)(bushdl))->softc);
+
+ uint8_t bytes_per_char = softc_ptr->bytes_per_char;
+ uint8_t bit_shift = softc_ptr->bit_shift;
+ uint32_t dummy_char = softc_ptr->dummy_char;
+
+ uint32_t bytes_sent = buffer_size;
+ uint32_t fifo_data;
+
+ /* Clear SPI bus FIFOs. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (3 << 4);
+
+ /* Set SPI transfer active. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 7);
+
+ /* If using the SPI bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if SPI_IO_MODE == 1
+ softc_ptr->irq_write = 1;
+
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 9);
+
+ if ( rtems_event_transient_receive(RTEMS_WAIT, 0) != RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
+ rtems_event_transient_clear();
+
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* If using the bus in polling mode. */
+#else
+ /* Poll TXD bit until there is space to write at least one byte
+ * on the TX FIFO. */
+ SPI_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 18)) == 0);
+#endif
+
+ /* While there is data to be transferred. */
+ while ( buffer_size >= bytes_per_char ) {
+ /* If reading from the bus, send a dummy character to the device. */
+ if ( rd_buf != NULL ) {
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) = dummy_char;
+ }
+ /* If writing to the bus, move the buffer data to the TX FIFO. */
+ else {
+ switch ( bytes_per_char ) {
+ case 1:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) = (((*wr_buf) & 0xFF) << bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 2:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) = (((*wr_buf) & 0xFFFF) << bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 3:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) = (((*wr_buf) & 0xFFFFFF) << bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 4:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) = ((*wr_buf) << bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ wr_buf += bytes_per_char;
+
+ buffer_size -= bytes_per_char;
+ }
+
+ /* If using bi-directional SPI. */
+ if ( bidirectional ) {
+ /* Change bus direction to read from the slave device. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 12);
+ }
+
+ /* If using the SPI bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if SPI_IO_MODE == 1
+ softc_ptr->irq_write = 0;
+
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 9);
+
+ if ( rtems_event_transient_receive(RTEMS_WAIT, 0) != RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
+ rtems_event_transient_clear();
+
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* If using the bus in polling mode. */
+#else
+ /* Poll the Done bit until the data transfer is complete. */
+ SPI_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 16)) == 0);
+
+ /* Poll the RXD bit until there is at least one byte
+ * on the RX FIFO to be read. */
+ SPI_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 17)) == 0);
+#endif
+
+ /* If writing to the bus, read the dummy char sent by the slave device. */
+ if ( rd_buf == NULL ) {
+ fifo_data = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) & 0xFF;
+ }
+
+ /* If reading from the bus, retrieve data from the RX FIFO and
+ * store it on the buffer. */
+ if ( rd_buf != NULL ) {
+ switch ( bytes_per_char ) {
+ case 1:
+ fifo_data = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) & 0xFF;
+ (*rd_buf) = (fifo_data >> bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 2:
+ fifo_data = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) & 0xFFFF;
+ (*rd_buf) = (fifo_data >> bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 3:
+ fifo_data = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO) & 0xFFFFFF;
+ (*rd_buf) = (fifo_data >> bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ case 4:
+ fifo_data = BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_FIFO);
+ (*rd_buf) = (fifo_data >> bit_shift);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ rd_buf += bytes_per_char;
+
+ buffer_size -= bytes_per_char;
+ }
+
+ /* If using bi-directional SPI. */
+ if ( bidirectional ) {
+ /* Restore bus direction to write to the slave. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << 12);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* If using the SPI bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if SPI_IO_MODE == 1
+ softc_ptr->irq_write = 1;
+
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << 9);
+
+ if ( rtems_event_transient_receive(RTEMS_WAIT, 0) != RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL ) {
+ rtems_event_transient_clear();
+
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /* If using the bus in polling mode. */
+#else
+ /* Poll the Done bit until the data transfer is complete. */
+ SPI_POLLING((BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 16)) == 0);
+#endif
+
+ bytes_sent -= buffer_size;
+
+ return bytes_sent;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Handler function that is called on any SPI interrupt.
+ *
+ * There are 2 situations that can generate an interrupt:
+ *
+ * 1. Transfer (read/write) complete;
+ * 2. RX FIFO full.
+ *
+ * Because the 2. situation is not useful to many applications,
+ * the only interrupt that is generated and handled is the
+ * transfer complete interrupt.
+ *
+ * The objective of the handler is then, depending on the transfer
+ * context (reading or writing on the bus), to check if there is enough
+ * space available on the TX FIFO to send data over the bus (if writing)
+ * or if the slave device has sent enough data to be fetched from the
+ * RX FIFO (if reading).
+ *
+ * When any of these two conditions occur, disables further interrupts
+ * to be generated and sends a waking event to the transfer task
+ * which will allow the following transfer to proceed.
+ *
+ * @param[in] arg Void pointer to the bus data structure.
+ */
+#if SPI_IO_MODE == 1
+static void spi_handler(void* arg)
+{
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = (rpi_spi_softc_t *) arg;
+
+ /* If waiting to write to the bus, expect the TXD bit to be set, or
+ * if waiting to read from the bus, expect the RXD bit to be set
+ * before sending a waking event to the transfer task. */
+ if (
+ ( softc_ptr->irq_write == 1 &&
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 18)) != 0
+ ) ||
+ ( softc_ptr->irq_write == 0 &&
+ (BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) & (1 << 17)) != 0
+ )
+ ) {
+ /* Disable the SPI interrupt generation when a transfer is complete. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << 9);
+
+ /* Allow the transfer process to continue. */
+ rtems_event_transient_send(softc_ptr->task_id);
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function to initialize the SPI bus.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ *
+ * @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL SPI bus successfully initialized.
+ * @retval Any other status code @see rtems_interrupt_handler_install().
+ */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_libi2c_spi_init(rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl)
+{
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = &(((rpi_spi_desc_t *)(bushdl))->softc);
+ rtems_status_code sc = RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+
+ if ( softc_ptr->initialized == 1 ) {
+ return sc;
+ }
+
+ softc_ptr->initialized = 1;
+
+ /* If using the SPI bus in interrupt-driven mode. */
+#if SPI_IO_MODE == 1
+ softc_ptr->task_id = rtems_task_self();
+
+ sc = rtems_interrupt_handler_install(
+ BCM2835_IRQ_ID_SPI,
+ NULL,
+ RTEMS_INTERRUPT_UNIQUE,
+ (rtems_interrupt_handler) spi_handler,
+ softc_ptr
+ );
+#endif
+
+ return sc;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function that would send a start condition over an I2C bus.
+ * As it is not required to access a SPI bus it is here just to satisfy
+ * the libi2c API, which requires this function.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ *
+ * @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL
+ */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_libi2c_spi_send_start(rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl)
+{
+ return RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function that terminates a SPI transfer.
+ * It stops the SPI transfer and unselects the current SPI slave device.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ *
+ * @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL The slave device has been successfully unselected.
+ * @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS The stored slave address is neither 0 or 1.
+ */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_libi2c_spi_stop(rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl)
+{
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = &(((rpi_spi_desc_t *)(bushdl))->softc);
+
+ uint32_t addr = softc_ptr->current_slave_addr;
+ uint32_t chip_select_bit = 21 + addr;
+
+ /* Set SPI transfer as not active. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << 7);
+
+ /* Unselect the active SPI slave. */
+ switch ( addr ) {
+ case 0:
+ case 1:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) |= (1 << chip_select_bit);
+
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS;
+ }
+
+ return RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function which addresses a SPI slave device.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] addr SPI slave select line address (0 for CE0 or 1 for CE1).
+ * @param[in] rw This values is unnecessary to address a SPI device and its
+ * presence here is only to fulfill a libi2c requirement.
+ *
+ * @retval RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL The slave device has been successfully addressed.
+ * @retval RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS The received address is neither 0 or 1.
+ */
+static rtems_status_code rpi_libi2c_spi_send_addr(
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl,
+ uint32_t addr,
+ int rw
+) {
+ rpi_spi_softc_t *softc_ptr = &(((rpi_spi_desc_t *)(bushdl))->softc);
+
+ /* Calculates the bit corresponding to the received address
+ * on the SPI control register. */
+ uint32_t chip_select_bit = 21 + addr;
+
+ /* Save which slave will be currently addressed,
+ * so it can be unselected later. */
+ softc_ptr->current_slave_addr = addr;
+
+ /* Select one of the two available SPI slave address lines. */
+ switch ( addr ) {
+ case 0:
+ case 1:
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) &= ~(1 << chip_select_bit);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return RTEMS_INVALID_ADDRESS;
+ }
+
+ return RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function that reads a number of bytes from the SPI bus
+ * on to a buffer.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] bytes Buffer where the data read from the bus will be stored.
+ * @param[in] nbytes Number of bytes to be read from the bus to the bytes buffer.
+ *
+ * @retval @see rpi_spi_read_write().
+ */
+static int rpi_libi2c_spi_read_bytes(
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl,
+ unsigned char *bytes,
+ int nbytes
+) {
+ return rpi_spi_read_write(bushdl, bytes, NULL, nbytes);
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function that writes a number of bytes from a buffer
+ * to the SPI bus.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] bytes Buffer with data to send over the SPI bus.
+ * @param[in] nbytes Number of bytes to be written from the bytes buffer
+ to the bus.
+ *
+ * @retval @see rpi_spi_read_write().
+ */
+static int rpi_libi2c_spi_write_bytes(
+ rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl,
+ unsigned char *bytes,
+ int nbytes
+) {
+ return rpi_spi_read_write(bushdl, NULL, bytes, nbytes);
+}
+
+/**
+ * @brief Low level function that is used to perform ioctl
+ * operations on the bus. Currently only setups
+ * the bus transfer mode.
+ * This function is used by the libi2c API.
+ *
+ * @param[in] bushdl Pointer to the libi2c API bus driver data structure.
+ * @param[in] cmd IOCTL request command.
+ * @param[in] arg Arguments needed to fulfill the requested IOCTL command.
+ *
+ * @retval -1 Unknown request command.
+ * @retval >=0 @see rpi_spi_set_tfr_mode().
+ */
+static int rpi_libi2c_spi_ioctl(rtems_libi2c_bus_t * bushdl, int cmd, void *arg)
+{
+ switch ( cmd ) {
+ case RTEMS_LIBI2C_IOCTL_SET_TFRMODE:
+ return rpi_spi_set_tfr_mode(
+ bushdl,
+ (const rtems_libi2c_tfr_mode_t *)arg
+ );
+ default:
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static rtems_libi2c_bus_ops_t rpi_spi_ops = {
+ .init = rpi_libi2c_spi_init,
+ .send_start = rpi_libi2c_spi_send_start,
+ .send_stop = rpi_libi2c_spi_stop,
+ .send_addr = rpi_libi2c_spi_send_addr,
+ .read_bytes = rpi_libi2c_spi_read_bytes,
+ .write_bytes = rpi_libi2c_spi_write_bytes,
+ .ioctl = rpi_libi2c_spi_ioctl
+};
+
+static rpi_spi_desc_t rpi_spi_bus_desc = {
+ {
+ .ops = &rpi_spi_ops,
+ .size = sizeof(rpi_spi_bus_desc)
+ },
+ {
+ .initialized = 0
+ }
+};
+
+int rpi_spi_init(bool bidirectional_mode)
+{
+ /* Initialize the libi2c API. */
+ rtems_libi2c_initialize();
+
+ /* Enable the SPI interface on the Raspberry Pi. */
+ rtems_gpio_initialize();
+
+ assert ( rpi_gpio_select_spi() == RTEMS_SUCCESSFUL );
+
+ bidirectional = bidirectional_mode;
+
+ /* Clear SPI control register and clear SPI FIFOs. */
+ BCM2835_REG(BCM2835_SPI_CS) = (3 << 4);
+
+ /* Register the SPI bus. */
+ return rtems_libi2c_register_bus("/dev/spi", &(rpi_spi_bus_desc.bus_desc));
+}