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authorChristian Mauderer <christian.mauderer@embedded-brains.de>2020-11-17 11:35:43 +0100
committerChristian Mauderer <christian.mauderer@embedded-brains.de>2020-11-20 09:03:56 +0100
commite95d992e3c5bdb733f3cf317a5684b94390659cb (patch)
tree0d53fc0d7d646464c8d26639dac95e1772429a98 /user/bsps/arm
parent9291bbbdd7cdab5784180dd70a1f91845b1158aa (diff)
downloadrtems-docs-e95d992e3c5bdb733f3cf317a5684b94390659cb.tar.bz2
user/bsps: Add imxrt
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+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-SA-4.0
+
+.. Copyright (C) 2020 embedded brains GmbH
+.. Copyright (C) 2020 Christian Mauderer
+
+imxrt (NXP i.MXRT)
+==================
+
+This BSP offers only one variant, the `imxrt1052`. This variant supports the
+i.MXRT 1052 processor on a IMXRT1050-EVKB (tested with rev A1). You can also
+configure it to work with custom boards.
+
+Build Configuration Options
+---------------------------
+
+Please see the documentation of the `IMXRT_*` and `BSP_*` configuration options
+for that. You can generate a default set of options with::
+
+ ./waf bsp_defaults --rtems-bsps=arm/imxrt1052 > config.ini
+
+Boot Process
+------------
+
+There are two possible boot processes supported:
+
+1) The ROM code loads a configuration from HyperFlash (connected to FlexSPI),
+ does some initialization (based on device configuration data (DCD)) and then
+ starts the application. This is the default case. `linkcmds.flexspi` is used
+ for this case.
+
+2) Some custom bootloader does the basic initialization, loads the application
+ to SDRAM and starts it from there. Select the `linkcmds.sdram` for this.
+
+For programming the HyperFlash in case 1, you can use the on board debugger
+integrated into the IMXRT1050-EVKB. You can generate a flash image out of a
+compiled RTEMS application with for example::
+
+ arm-rtems6-objcopy -O binary build/arm/imxrt1052/testsuites/samples/hello.exe hello.bin
+
+Then just copy the generated binary to the mass storage provided by the
+debugger. Wait a bit till the mass storage vanishes and re-appears. After that,
+reset the board and the newly programmed application will start.
+
+For debugging: Create a special application with a `while(true)` loop at end of
+`bsp_start_hook_1`. Load that application into flash. Then remove the loop
+again, build your BSP for SDRAM and use a debugger to load the application into
+SDRAM after the BSP started from flash did the basic initialization.
+
+Flash Image
+-----------
+
+For booting from a HyperFlash (or other storage connected to FlexSPI), the ROM
+code of the i.MXRT first reads some special flash header information from a
+fixed location of the connected flash device. This consists of the Image vector
+table (IVT), Boot data and Device configuration data (DCD).
+
+In RTEMS, these flash headers are generated using some C-structures. If you use
+a board other than the IMXRT1050-EVKB, those structures have to be adapted. To
+do that re-define the following variables in your application (you only need the
+ones that need different values):
+
+.. code-block:: c
+
+ #include <bsp/flash-headers.h>
+ const uint8_t imxrt_dcd_data[] =
+ { /* Your DCD data here */ };
+ const ivt imxrt_image_vector_table =
+ { /* Your IVT here */ };
+ const BOOT_DATA_T imxrt_boot_data =
+ { /* Your boot data here */ };
+ const flexspi_nor_config_t imxrt_flexspi_config =
+ { /* Your FlexSPI config here */ };
+
+You can find the default definitions in `bsps/arm/imxrt/start/flash-*.c`. Take a
+look at the `i.MX RT1050 Processor Reference Manual, Rev. 4, 12/2019` chapter
+`9.7 Program image` for details about the contents.
+
+FDT
+---
+
+The BSP used a FDT based initialization. The FDT is linked into the application.
+You can find the default FDT used in the BSP in
+`bsps/arm/imxrt/dts/imxrt1050-evkb.dts`. To use your own FDT compile it and
+convert it into a C file with (replace `YOUR.dts` and simmilar with your FDT
+source names)::
+
+ sh> export BSP_DIR="${RTEMS_SRC_DIR}/bsps/arm/imxrt/"
+ sh> arm-rtems6-cpp -P -x assembler-with-cpp \
+ -I "${BSP_DIR}/include/" \
+ -include "YOUR.dts" /dev/null | \
+ dtc -@ -O dtb -o "YOUR.dtb" -b 0 -p 1024
+ sh> rtems-bin2c -C -N imxrt_dtb "YOUR.dtb" "YOUR.c"
+
+Make sure that your new c file is compiled and linked into the application.
+
+Clock Driver
+------------
+
+The clock driver uses the generic `ARMv7-M Clock`.
+
+IOMUX
+-----
+
+The i.MXRT IOMUXC is initialized based on the FDT. For that, the `pinctrl-0`
+fields of all devices with a status of `ok` or `okay` will be parsed.
+
+Console Driver
+--------------
+
+LPUART drivers are registered based on the FDT. The special `rtems,path`
+attribute defines where the device file for the console is created.
+
+The `stdout-path` in the `chosen` node determines which LPUART is used for the
+console.
+
+I2C Driver
+----------
+
+I2C drivers are registered based on the FDT. The special `rtems,path` attribute
+defines where the device file for the I2C bus is created.
+
+Limitations:
+
+* Only basic I2C is implemented. This is mostly a driver limitation and not a
+ hardware one.
+
+SPI Driver
+----------
+
+SPI drivers are registered based on the FDT. The special `rtems,path` attribute
+defines where the device file for the SPI bus is created.
+
+Note that the SPI-pins on the evaluation board are shared with the SD card.
+Populate R278, R279, R280, R281 on the IMXRT1050-EVKB (Rev A) to use the SPI
+pins on the Arduino connector.
+
+Limitations:
+
+* Only a basic SPI driver is implemented. This is mostly a driver limitation and
+ not a hardware one.
+
+Network Interface Driver
+------------------------
+
+The network interface driver is provided by the `libbsd`. It is initialized
+according to the device tree.
+
+Note on the hardware: The i.MXRT1050 EVKB maybe has a wrong termination of the
+RXP, RXN, TXP and TXN lines. The resistors R126 through R129 maybe shouldn't be
+populated because the used KSZ8081RNB already has an internal termination.
+Ethernet does work on short distance anyway. But keep it in mind in case you
+have problems. Source:
+https://community.nxp.com/t5/i-MX-RT/Error-in-IMXRT1050-EVKB-and-1060-schematic-ethernet/m-p/835540#M1587
+
+NXP SDK files
+-------------
+
+A lot of peripherals are currently not yet supported by RTEMS drivers. The NXP
+SDK offers drivers for these. For convenience, the BSP compiles the drivers from
+the SDK. But please note that they are not tested and maybe won't work out of
+the box. Everything that works with interrupts most likely needs some special
+treatment.
+
+Caveats
+-------
+
+The clock configuration support is quite rudimentary. The same is true for
+SDRAM. It mostly relies on the DCD and on a static clock configuration that is
+taken from the NXP SDK example projects.
+
+The MPU settings are currently quite permissive.
+
+There is no power management support.