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authorChris Johns <chrisj@rtems.org>2016-11-02 12:09:54 +1100
committerChris Johns <chrisj@rtems.org>2016-11-02 12:09:54 +1100
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+.. comment SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-SA-4.0
+
+.. comment COPYRIGHT (c) 2012 - 2016.
+.. comment Chris Johns <chrisj@rtems.org>
+
+Project Sets
+############
+
+The RTEMS Source Builder supports project configurations. Project
+configurations can be public or private and can be contained in the RTEMS
+Source Builder project if suitable, other projects they use the RTEMS Source
+Builder or privately on your local file system.
+
+The configuration file loader searches the macro ``_configdir`` and by default
+this is set to ``%{_topdir}/config:%{_sbdir}/config`` where ``_topdir`` is the
+your current working direct, in other words the directory you invoke the RTEMS
+Source Builder command in, and ``_sbdir`` is the directory where the RTEMS
+Source Builder command resides. Therefore the ``config`` directory under each
+of these is searched so all you need to do is create a ``config`` in your
+project and add your configuration files. They do not need to be under the
+RTEMS Source Builder source tree. Public projects are included in the main
+RTEMS Source Builder such as RTEMS.
+
+You can also add your own ``patches`` directory next to your ``config``
+directory as the ``%patch`` command searches the ``_patchdir`` macro variable
+and it is by default set to ``%{_topdir}/patches:%{_sbdir}/patches``.
+
+The ``source-builder/config`` directory provides generic scripts for building
+various tools. You can specialise these in your private configurations to make
+use of them. If you add new generic configurations please contribute them back
+to the project
+
+Bare Metal
+~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The RSB contains a 'bare' configuration tree and you can use this to add
+packages you use on the hosts. For example 'qemu' is supported on a range of
+hosts. RTEMS tools live in the ``rtems/config`` directory tree. RTEMS packages
+include tools for use on your host computer as well as packages you can build
+and run on RTEMS.
+
+The **bare metal** support for GNU Tool chains. An example is the
+``lang/gcc491`` build set. You need to provide a target via the command line
+``--target`` option and this is in the standard 2 or 3 tuple form. For example
+for an ARM compiler you would use ``arm-eabi`` or ``arm-eabihf`, and for SPARC
+you would use `sparc-elf`::
+
+ $ cd rtems-source-builder/bare
+ $ ../source-builder/sb-set-builder --log=log_arm_eabihf \
+ --prefix=$HOME/development/bare --target=arm-eabihf lang/gcc491
+ RTEMS Source Builder - Set Builder, v0.3.0
+ Build Set: lang/gcc491
+ config: devel/expat-2.1.0-1.cfg
+ package: expat-2.1.0-x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0-1
+ building: expat-2.1.0-x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0-1
+ config: devel/binutils-2.24-1.cfg
+ package: arm-eabihf-binutils-2.24-1
+ building: arm-eabihf-binutils-2.24-1
+ config: devel/gcc-4.9.1-newlib-2.1.0-1.cfg
+ package: arm-eabihf-gcc-4.9.1-newlib-2.1.0-1
+ building: arm-eabihf-gcc-4.9.1-newlib-2.1.0-1
+ config: devel/gdb-7.7-1.cfg
+ package: arm-eabihf-gdb-7.7-1
+ building: arm-eabihf-gdb-7.7-1
+ installing: expat-2.1.0-x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0-1 -> /Users/chris/development/bare
+ installing: arm-eabihf-binutils-2.24-1 -> /Users/chris/development/bare
+ installing: arm-eabihf-gcc-4.9.1-newlib-2.1.0-1 -> /Users/chris/development/bare
+ installing: arm-eabihf-gdb-7.7-1 -> /Users/chris/development/bare
+ cleaning: expat-2.1.0-x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0-1
+ cleaning: arm-eabihf-binutils-2.24-1
+ cleaning: arm-eabihf-gcc-4.9.1-newlib-2.1.0-1
+ cleaning: arm-eabihf-gdb-7.7-1
+
+RTEMS
+~~~~~
+
+The RTEMS Configurations found in the ``rtems`` directory. The configurations
+are grouped by RTEMS version. In RTEMS the tools are specific to a specific
+version because of variations between Newlib and RTEMS. Restructuring in RTEMS
+and Newlib sometimes moves *libc* functionality between these two parts and
+this makes existing tools incompatible with RTEMS.
+
+RTEMS allows architectures to have different tool versions and patches. The
+large number of architectures RTEMS supports can make it difficult to get a
+common stable version of all the packages. An architecture may require a recent
+GCC because an existing bug has been fixed, however the more recent version may
+have a bug in other architecture. Architecture specific patches should be
+limited to the architecture it relates to. The patch may fix a problem on the
+effect architecture however it could introduce a problem in another
+architecture. Limit exposure limits any possible crosstalk between
+architectures.
+
+If you are building a released version of RTEMS the release RTEMS tar file will
+be downloaded and built as part of the build process. If you are building a
+tool set for use with the development branch of RTEMS, the development branch
+will be cloned directly from the RTEMS GIT repository and built.
+
+When building RTEMS within the RTEMS Source Builder it needs a suitable working
+``autoconf`` and ``automake``. These packages need to built and installed in their
+prefix in order for them to work. The RTEMS Source Builder installs all
+packages only after they have been built so if you host does not have a
+recent enough version of ``autoconf`` and ``automake`` you first need to build them
+and install them then build your tool set. The commands are::
+
+ $ ../source-builder/sb-set-builder --log=l-4.11-at.txt \
+ --prefix=$HOME/development/rtems/4.11 4.11/rtems-autotools
+ $ export PATH=~/development/rtems/4.11/bin:$PATH <1>
+ $ ../source-builder/sb-set-builder --log=l-4.11-sparc.txt \
+ --prefix=$HOME/development/rtems/4.11 4.11/rtems-sparc
+
+.. topic:: Items:
+
+ 1. Setting the path.
+
+If this is your first time building the tools and RTEMS it pays to add the
+``--dry-run`` option. This will run through all the configuration files and if
+any checks fail you will see this quickly rather than waiting for until the
+build fails a check.
+
+To build snapshots for testing purposes you use the available macro maps
+passing them on the command line using the ``--macros`` option. For RTEMS these
+are held in ``config/snapshots`` directory. The following builds *newlib* from
+CVS::
+
+ $ ../source-builder/sb-set-builder --log=l-4.11-sparc.txt \
+ --prefix=$HOME/development/rtems/4.11 \
+ --macros=snapshots/newlib-head.mc \
+ 4.11/rtems-sparc
+
+and the following uses the version control heads for ``binutils``, ``gcc``,
+``newlib``, ``gdb`` and *RTEMS*::
+
+ $ ../source-builder/sb-set-builder --log=l-heads-sparc.txt \
+ --prefix=$HOME/development/rtems/4.11-head \
+ --macros=snapshots/binutils-gcc-newlib-gdb-head.mc \
+ 4.11/rtems-sparc
+
+Patches
+~~~~~~~
+
+Packages being built by the RSB need patches from time to time and the RSB
+supports patching upstream packages. The patches are held in a seperate
+directory called ``patches`` relative to the configuration directory you are
+building. For example ``%{_topdir}/patches:%{_sbdir}/patches``. Patches are
+declared in the configuration files in a similar manner to the package's source
+so please refer to the ``%source`` documentation. Patches, like the source, are
+to be made publically available for configurations that live in the RSB package
+and are downloaded on demand.
+
+If a package has a patch management tool it is recommended you reference the
+package's patch management tools directly. If the RSB does not support the
+specific patch manage tool please contact the mailing list to see if support
+can be added.
+
+Patches for packages developed by the RTEMS project can be placed in the RTEMS
+Tools Git repository. The ``tools`` directory in the repository has various
+places a patch can live. The tree is broken down in RTEMS releases and then
+tools within that release. If the package is not specific to any release the
+patch can be added closer to the top under the package's name. Patches to fix
+specific tool related issues for a specific architecture should be grouped
+under the specific architecture and only applied when building that
+architecture avoiding a patch breaking an uneffected architecture.
+
+Patches in the RTEMS Tools repository need to be submitted to the upstream
+project. It should not be a clearing house for patches that will not be
+accepted upstream.
+
+Patches are added to a component's name and in the ``%prep:`` section the
+patches can be set up, meaning they are applied to source. The patches
+are applied in the order they are added. If there is a dependency make
+sure you order the patches correctly when you add them. You can add any
+number of patches and the RSB will handle them efficently.
+
+Patches can have options. These are added before the patch URL. If no options
+are provided the patch's setup default options are used.
+
+Patches can be declared in build set up files.
+
+This examples shows how to declare a patch for gdb in the ``lm32`` architecture::
+
+ %patch add <1> gdb <2> %{rtems_gdb_patches}/lm32/gdb-sim-lm32uart.diff <3>
+
+.. topic:: Items:
+
+ 1. The patch's ``add`` command.
+
+ 2. The group of patches this patch belongs too.
+
+ 3. The patch's URL. It is downloaded from here.
+
+Patches require a checksum to avoid a warning. The ``%hash`` directive can be
+used to add a checksum for a patch that is used to verify the patch::
+
+ %hash md5 <1> gdb-sim-lm32uart.diff <2> 77d070878112783292461bd6e7db17fb <3>
+
+.. topic:: Items:
+
+ 1. The type of checksum, in the case an MD5 hash.
+
+ 2. The patch file the checksum is for.
+
+ 3. The MD5 hash.
+
+The patches are applied when a patch ``setup`` command is issued in the
+``%prep:`` section. All patches in the group are applied. To apply the GDB
+patch above use::
+
+ %patch setup <1> gdb <2> -p1 <3>
+
+.. topic:: Items:
+
+ 1. The patch's ``setup`` command.
+
+ 2. The group of patches to apply.
+
+ 3. The patch group's default options. If no option is given with the patch
+ these options are used.
+
+Architecture specific patches live in the architecture build set file isolating
+the patch to that specific architecture. If a patch is common to a tool it
+resides in the RTEMS tools configuration file. Do not place patches for tools
+in the ``source-builder/config`` template configuration files.
+
+To test a patch simply copy it to your local ``patches`` directory. The RSB
+will see the patch is present and will not attempt to download it. Once you are
+happy with the patch submit it to the project and a core developer will review
+it and add it to the RTEMS Tools git repository. For example, to test a local
+patch for newlib, add the following two lines to the .cfg file in
+``rtems/config/tools/`` that is included by the bset you use:
+
+.. code-block:: auto
+
+ %patch add newlib file://0001-this-is-a-newlib-patch.patch <1>
+ %hash md5 0001-this-is-a-newlib-patch.diff 77d070878112783292461bd6e7db17fb <2>
+
+.. topic:: Items:
+
+ 1. The diff file prepended with ``file://`` to tell RSB this is a local file.
+
+ 2. The output from md5sum on the diff file.